Texas Independence Day, March 2
On this day in 1836, the Texas Declaration of Independence was presented to the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the- Brazos. Like the United States Declaration of Independence, the Texas Declaration has a statement on the nature of government, a list of grievances, and a declaration of independence. For more on the content of the Declaration of Independence, go to the Handbook of Texas Online.
After signing the original document, five other copies were made that were sent to Bexar, Goliad, Nacogdoches, Brazoria, and San Felipe (the original is in the collection at the Texas State Archives). In addition to the five copies, one thousand copies of the declaration were ordered in broadside form to be distributed across Texas.
The following is Samuel A. Maverick’s copy of the broadside. Maverick, a representative from the Alamo, arrived at Washington after the order for the broadsides had already gone to the printer. Maverick appended his name, along with the names of the other late arrivals to his copy. In the turmoil that accompanied the advance of the Mexican army after the fall of the Alamo, the retreat across Texas, and the deciding battle of San Jacinto, few printed copies of the declaration survived. Maverick’s copy, which remained in the possession of his descendents, is one of about thirteen known examples. Of the thirteen known copies, the DRT Library has two. The second copy was given to the library by Hamilton and Billy Laster Fish.